- September 4, 2022
- Posted by: UGABI IGBAJI
- Category: Instructional Materials
Introduction to oratory – 5 things to note while preparing an Oral speech as an orator
Lilyan Wilder, a popular speaking consultant, laid a concrete foundation for developing Orators. She, while delivering a 2 cent categorized naturally everything with first-hand knowledge of how to string words together and form sentences. In her line of understanding while streaming her thoughts in words she let loose an in-depth myth on delivering an oral presentation, one being that you’re better off “winging it” and good speakers are “naturals”.
What is an oral presentation?
Oral presentation is the art of divulging palatable content with spoken words, not necessarily from residual knowledge but from researched and proven facts.
It’s done by aligning words into sentences into meaning for the understanding of all and every listener.
To deliver an effective presentation, it should be inevitably possible to prepare and practice. Despite the beating call for constant rehearsal Your set piece and trajectory should circle around coming out spontaneous, enticing, and comfortable while delivering a message, of course, such a message would be redundant, a waste of time and energy if it lacks Clarity, purpose, and organization. Information drafted below are certain pointers you’d want to give a try before any oral presentation;
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There are steps many would want to follow for a presentation.
Pick a topic and a focal point
Choose a topic that not only excites you but one you’d be able to handle. In some cases, you may not have full autonomy on the choice of topics but the direction in which it goes is left for you to decide.
Try making an analogy with current issues and the topic at hand, whether it’s happening in your present society, a neighbouring town, city, or even the world.
To focus on a topic use these steps as a guide;
- Establish a general goal, e.g. to talk about the greenhouse effect.
- Create a precise objective; to enlighten people about the effect of greenhouse gases.
- Develop a one-sentence summary; the effect of greenhouse gases puts the entire human species at extinction.
- Develop a title: effects of greenhouse gases.
At some point, a potential overlap may prove unavoidable, several attempts promising a positive result should be made in deciding the main goal. This would aid in giving direction and consistency. Some main goals include:
- Interest; is your goal to entice the readers?
- Inspiration: are you targeting to lift their spirit and motivate the audience?
- Persuade: is there an already established dogma that you want to dispute, or further impose?
- Inform: do you want to relay the newest development in town?
If the presentation is of something already written down this factor should have little of your attention, but if not, there is a need to pen down the topic and make a precise study of all factors related to the topic, this topic should be narrowed down to a research paper. Information concerning the topic of the day should be brought to a particular setting.
Organizing the speech
This involves an approach with no relation to writing a research paper. all subtopics, points, and ideas should be detailed in an aligned order, in which the conclusion of one is the beginning of another.
Creating an oral presentation differs from writing a report. Unlike what is scribbled down on paper the audience can’t turn back to a point of reference or the beginning part of a sentence to make an examination, because of this, repetitions are required. an unceremonious formula for public speaking, so far as Britannica’s encyclopedia is concerned, is “First, tell the audience what you are going to tell them; then tell them again; then tell them what you just told them.”
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Such a mantra should act as a structure for the notes that’ll serve as the basis for your oral presentation.
One of the few steps to take before scribing your speech is to not forget an outline. Make a list of 3 to 4 points in ink; make subtopics, and then another subtopic of the subtopics. Make each point a complete sentence. By doing all this and forming a skeletal structure you’d be outlining your notes and possibly the speech itself.
A suggested example of an outline for Introduction to oratory
Introduction; this would be required as well as a conclusion. The introduction should serve as a great hook to capture the attention of the audience. Adepts recommend the use of humour but tread cautiously for if your joke fails to tickle the audience, you immediately lose both a lively atmosphere and your mojo. It’s much preferable, to begin with, a genuine note like;
-A personal story, one with much delight, brightness, and humour.
– A quote.
– Controversial question.
– make reference to a recent event.
No matter which is implored, they should be relatively linked to your topic.
Main point: at least pull out 3 to 4 points.
Conclusion: What has a beginning must have an end, take the concept of victory and defeat, for example, there is a win and there is lose what happens in between is just a constant struggle for balance, a balance that would surface ineluctably or a resolve.
A resolution should be the next point of landing after successfully delivering the purpose of the presentation. Try not to crash land, conclude with a statement that invites questions, make a concluding note beginning with “finally”, “in conclusion”, “lastly” Don’t end your speech abruptly without recapping.
Phrasing the speech
A presentation requires different language and phrasing than written documents. A presentation is a dialogue. Its format should be natural and engineered to promote partial controversy.
Practising the speech and handling logistics
Put in mind that there is a number of details to prepare for in advance of delivering your presentation. Surely tactical jabs of questions programmed to make you edgy and uncomfortable would come from the audience, at a preparatory point handling such conditions should also carry a percentage of your time.
Familiarize yourself with an environment similar to one of the main events. Practice in front of people if possible in front of a crowd. Your talk should contain a spectrum of entertainment, information, and intellectual stimulation.
Don’t memorize or try to deliver verbatim: do not try to memorize, it is always tempting to memorize a section of the entire order. The goal is to come out natural.
Write in large, uppercase: looking up while giving a speech has marked an unavoidable occurrence. Within the overlap where you raise your head after grabbing a line and then bend it over to face your card or note, there is a slight chance you might displace the last line your read through especially if your writing font is small or an eyesore.
Use a recorder. Make use of a recorder to tape down your tone, pitch, and speed. The purpose of this is to iron out all errors till the speech sounds natural.
Practice out loud: this can give clarity to thoughts, the more rehearsals are been carried out the more new ideas are birthed.
Analyzing the situation. Before a topic is decided upon, it’s important to think about how to make your presentation interesting to your audience.
Have you looked at the materials you’ve to cover?
How can you relate what you want to say to what’s already known?
Relating your material to information your audience is already familiar with, will not only demonstrate your knowledge but would help understand your point.
For example: if you’ve examined a particular actor, actress or athlete, and may want to reference him or her once again
Know how much time you have, how audible you must be and the number of people in the audience. These little facts serve as determinants to the depth of your talk.
Managing Stage fright
Studies carried out reached a conclusion that people unfamiliar with communication theory think that stage fright is a result of what happens during the speech. In reality, stage fright is an occurrence as a result of what happens before the speech. So if you want to overcome stage fright,
Practice, practice, practice:
Live and breathe your material, avoid cramming and promote understanding. Practice in places or under conditions with similarity to the main event.
Make use of mental imagery:
- Picture yourself in the presence of an audience. The idea is to find comfort in such stage.
- In case of shaky hands, grab onto something, or place both hands in your pocket, provided it is available.
- Establish a dialogue with the audience. Response from an active audience boosts morale.
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